Suécia inova e cria 'barreira do álcool' para punir motoristas bêbados

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A polícia da Suécia inaugura formalmente, na semana que vem, um novo modelo para o controle da embriaguez no trânsito: barreiras eletrônicas móveis que testam, automaticamente, se o motorista está com o nível de álcool no sangue acima do limite permitido por lei.

As novas barreiras eletrônicas, que são transportáveis, se assemelham a cancelas de pedágio. Para que a cancela se abra e o motorista continue seu trajeto, ele é obrigado a soprar o bafômetro.

Caso o condutor esteja com o nível de álcool no sangue (alcoolemia) acima do limite legal, a cancela permanece fechada ? e a polícia entra em cena.

Em reportagem exibida na TV sueca SVT, foi demonstrado que basta soprar o bafômetro por um segundo e meio para completar o processo.

“As novas barreiras vão facilitar bastante o trabalho da polícia. E poderemos também reduzir o número de policiais nos postos de controle”, disse Bengt Svensson, da Polícia Nacional sueca, em entrevista à SVT.

As “barreiras do álcool”, como já estão sendo chamadas, foram desenvolvidas pela Polícia Nacional da Suécia, em cooperação com a Associação pela Sobriedade no Trânsito (Motorförarnas Helnykterhetsförbund, MHF).

As barreiras eletrônicas já foram testadas com êxito no porto da cidade sueca de Gotemburgo. E a partir da próxima quarta-feira, já começa a ser usada para controlar o nível de álcool dos motoristas que utilizam as balsas no porto de Frihamnen, na capital Estocolmo.

Controle

A ideia é expandir gradualmente o uso das “barreiras do álcool” em rodovias, portos e postos de controle policial da Suécia, um país conhecido pela cultura de extrema intolerância a infrações, especialmente àquelas relacionadas à embriaguez no trânsito.

A lei sueca estabelece um limite máximo de 0,02% de nível de álcool no sangue de quem dirige. A punição para quem viola a lei inclui multa e pena de até dois anos de prisão.

Em 2013, uma lei brasileira acabou com qualquer tolerância permitida de bebidas alcoólicas.

Nos testes realizados com as barreiras eletrônicas no porto de Gotemburgo no outono de 2013, foi registrada uma redução significativa do número de motoristas com taxa de álcool acima da permitida.

O principal fator dessa redução, segundo os idealizadores do projeto, foi uma campanha eficiente de informação aos motoristas sobre a instalação das cancelas automáticas contra embriaguez nas linhas de saída e chegada das balsas.

Antes da instalação das barreiras no porto, os registros apontavam que a cada 95 carros que passavam pelos controles manuais feitos por funcionários da alfândega, um motorista era flagrado dirigindo sob influência de álcool.

Após a instalação das novas barreiras, apenas dez condutores foram parados pelo equipamento durante todo o período de testes – o que significa, segundo os organizadores do projeto, que apenas um motorista, em cada grupo de 875 veículos que passou pelas barreiras, tinha alcoolemia acima da permitida segundo a lei sueca.

“É uma redução expressiva, que mostra o potencial deste novo conceito de ’barreiras do álcool'”, diz Arne Winerdal, diretor da Associação pela Sobriedade no Trânsito (MHF).

Os testes de Gotemburgo também demonstraram que a medida não prejudicou o fluxo do tráfego no porto.

“As barreiras eletrônicas funcionaram de forma rápida e eficaz”, afirmou o líder do projeto, Tomas Jonsson.

De acordo com a MHF, os testes realizados em Gotemburgo foram pioneiros no mundo, e as novas ‘barreiras do álcool’ já têm atraído o interesse da União Europeia.

 

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